There are a few species that I would add to this excellent post. For example either purging buckthorn or alder buckthorn, but I couldn’t agree more with the idea of planting native shrubs and trees in a garden setting.
A lot has been said about why we should grow native trees and shrubs. However, a wildlife garden with non-native plants can be wonderful for wildlife; we all love lavender and the butterfly bush is popular with all sorts of butterflies.
As foodplants however, native plants really have some benefits. The common hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna can be a host plant for over 300 organisms. The flowers provide pollen and nectar for pollinators and the fruits, haws, are important for birds in autumn and winter.
Below one of 5 young hawthorns.
Other trees and shrubs which I have planted are the blackthorns (beware of the suckers!) which is also very spiny and offering food to many moth caterpillars as well as a nesting
place for birds.
Wild privet, when allowed to flower, is attractive to many bumblebees, butterflies and leafcutter bees.
The pricky barberry, Berberis vulgaris offer protection from cats and…
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